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70birds

That Nest in Birdhouses

70birds

That Nest in Birdhouses

70birds

That Nest in Birdhouses

Feeding birds will not attract birds to nest and raise a family in a bird house.

Nesting, egg laying birds need seclusion and are unlikely to nest in a bird house near throngs of birds flocking to bird feeders.

 

Even cities have large bird populations that live in birdhouses.

See City Birds

 

See each species page for habits, geographic ranges and optimum locations and placement.

 

Too many bird houses can drive off nesting birds, including a specific bird species we want to attract.

For most yards, select just one or two bird species that are known to nest in bird houses in that region.

 

Use a hand held screwdriver to assemble work pieces. This allows the crafts person to feel and better judge appropriate hole sizes and snugness to prevent stripping and splitting wood.

 

You shouldn’t have to pay for any wood if you keep your eyes peeled. Watch for wood scrap piles at fence and home construction sites. These are good sources for the small sizes usually needed for bird houses.

 

You may prefer Side Opening Doors instead of hinged roof doors, especially for the larger nest boxes.

 

Clean and disinfect nest boxes with a 5% bleach and 95% water mix after the brooding season to prevent spread of disease and parasites. Use rubber gloves, eye protection, spray bottles, and sponges to completely saturate nest box interiors.

 

Eastern Bluebird

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Sialia
Species: sialis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
La. turdus a thrush
La. -idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. sialis a kind of bird

About seven inches long. Blue head, neck, back, rump and tail. Reddish brown, throat, breast and flanks. Grayish blue belly. Black beak and eyes.

Painting of an eastern bluebird pair perched on twigs with field and home among trees in the background

Eastern Bluebirds inhabit forest edges, groves and small tree stands in open country, farms and towns. Installing “bluebird trails”, groups or lines of a number of bluebird houses, maintaining them and monitoring their bluebird inhabitants is a popular hobby.

USGS map shows eastern bluebirds generally nest and breed in US eastern US and southeastern Canada

Their breeding range extends throughout eastern North America from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast north to Saskatchewan, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia south to Mexico and the southwestern U.S. in southern New Mexico and Arizona. Migrates to the southern states and Mexico in winter.

Allegretto, Delicato: sempre legato et tremolo
Allegretto. sempre legato et tremolo

Bluebirds are known for their display of affection. The male perpetually seeks the company of the female, courting her with his pretty love songs, feeding her insects and chasing rivals from their domain.

They dart after beetles, spiders, caterpillars and grasshoppers from their perches on fences or low trees where they spot insects on the ground.

In the autumn they eat berries and other odd fruit.

Habitat loss and competition with non-native English Sparrows and Starlings caused declines in their population until their appeal inspired widespread interest in bluebird nest boxes.

Their rebound is a good example of successful intervention.

They build scanty nests of grass and feathers in natural or abandoned tree and post hollows, cliff crevices, barns and other building nooks and crannies, mail boxes, and many in bird houses placed specifically for this favorite of birds.

Colorful painting of an eastern bluebird pair perched next to their tree cavity entrance hole and a grass field background

Females lay four to six bluish white eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks. They usually raise two broods in a season.

Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse

The Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse has a 4″ by 4″ floor, 9″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 7″ above the floor and ventilation openings through the floor and under the roof. Use wood stock rough cut on both sides.

Make a “bluebird trail” of houses mounted 3′ to 6′ high in partial sun and shade on posts about 100 yards apart (closer in woodland clearings) in groves, scattered trees, shelter belt edges bordering fields or pasture fences.

Visit the Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse Page. Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse
Print or just view eastern bluebird birdhouse plansEastern Bluebird Birdhouse Plans
Tree & Violet Green Swallow Birdhouse

Tree swallow nest boxes placed between bluebird nest boxes invite these good neighbors and they will help defend against sparrows.

The Swallow Birdhouse is similar and could easily be mixed in with any bluebird trail.

It has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 8″ inside floor to ceiling and a 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 6″ above the floor.

Visit the Tree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse Page.
Tree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse
Print or just view tree & violet-green swallow birdhouse plansTree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse Plans
Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse

Consider using the larger Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse, which will also accommodate eastern bluebirds in areas where the mountain and eastern bluebird ranges overlap. That occurs in the western portions of the Dakotas and the border area between southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

It has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 12″ inside floor to ceiling and a 1 9/16″ diameter entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Visit the Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Page. Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse
Print or just view western & mountain bluebird birdhouse plansWestern & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Plans
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker & Eastern Bluebird

Also consider using this slightly larger Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse in the Great Lakes region and northeastern US where the breeding ranges of eastern bluebirds and yellow-bellied sapsuckers overlap.

Measurements are 5″ by 5″ inside square base, 12″ floor to ceiling and a 1 1/2″ inch entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Always assemble with corrosion resistant screws fitted to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes.

Visit the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse Page. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Birdhouse
Print or just view yellow-bellied sapsucker birdhouse plans Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Birdhouse Plans

Eastern Bluebird

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Sialia
Species: sialis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
La. turdus a thrush
La. -idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. sialis a kind of bird

About seven inches long. Blue head, neck, back, rump and tail. Reddish brown, throat, breast and flanks. Grayish blue belly. Black beak and eyes.

Painting of an eastern bluebird pair perched on twigs with field and home among trees in the background.

Eastern Bluebirds inhabit forest edges, groves and small tree stands in open country, farms and towns. Installing “bluebird trails”, groups or lines of a number of bluebird houses, maintaining them and monitoring their bluebird inhabitants is a popular hobby.

USGS map shows eastern bluebirds generally nest and breed in US eastern US and southeastern Canada

Their breeding range extends throughout eastern North America from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast north to Saskatchewan, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia south to Mexico and the southwestern U.S. in southern New Mexico and Arizona. Migrates to the southern states and Mexico in winter.

Allegretto, Delicato: sempre legato et tremolo
Allegretto. sempre legato et tremolo

Bluebirds are known for their display of affection. The male perpetually seeks the company of the female, courting her with his pretty love songs, feeding her insects and chasing rivals from their domain.

They dart after beetles, spiders, caterpillars and grasshoppers from their perches on fences or low trees where they spot insects on the ground.

In the autumn they eat berries and other odd fruit.

Habitat loss and competition with non-native English Sparrows and Starlings caused declines in their population until their appeal inspired widespread interest in bluebird nest boxes.

Their rebound is a good example of successful intervention.

They build scanty nests of grass and feathers in natural or abandoned tree and post hollows, cliff crevices, barns and other building nooks and crannies, mail boxes, and many in bird houses placed specifically for this favorite of birds.

Eastern bluebirds perched near their natural tree cavity entrance.

Females lay four to six bluish white eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks. They usually raise two broods in a season.

Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse

The Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse has a 4″ by 4″ floor, 9″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 7″ above the floor and ventilation openings through the floor and under the roof.

Make a “bluebird trail” of houses mounted 3′ to 6′ high in partial sun and shade on posts about 100 yards apart (closer in woodland clearings) in groves, scattered trees, shelter belt edges bordering fields or pasture fences.

Visit the Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse Page. Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse
Print or just view eastern bluebird birdhouse plansEastern Bluebird Birdhouse Plans
Tree & Violet Green Swallow Birdhouse

Tree swallow nest boxes placed between bluebird nest boxes invite these good neighbors and they will help defend against sparrows.

The Swallow Birdhouse is similar and could easily be mixed in with any bluebird trail.

It has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 8″ inside floor to ceiling and a 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 6″ above the floor.

Visit the Tree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse Page.
Tree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse
Print or just view tree & violet-green swallow birdhouse plansTree & Violet-green Swallow Birdhouse Plans
Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse

Consider using the larger Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse, which will also accommodate eastern bluebirds in areas where the mountain and eastern bluebird ranges overlap. That occurs in the western portions of the Dakotas and the border area between southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

It has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 12″ inside floor to ceiling and a 1 9/16″ diameter entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Visit the Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Page. Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse
Print or just view western & mountain bluebird birdhouse plansWestern & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Plans
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker & Eastern Bluebird

Also consider using this slightly larger Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse in the Great Lakes region and northeastern US where the breeding ranges of eastern bluebirds and yellow-bellied sapsuckers overlap.

Measurements are 5″ by 5″ inside square base, 12″ floor to ceiling and a 1 1/2″ inch entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Always assemble with corrosion resistant screws fitted to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes.

Visit the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse Page.
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Birdhouse
Print or just view yellow-bellied sapsucker birdhouse plans Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Birdhouse Plans

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Eastern Bluebird

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Painting of an eastern bluebird pair perched on twigs with field and home among trees in the background.

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Sialia
Species: sialis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
La. turdus a thrush
La. -idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. sialis a kind of bird

About seven inches long. Blue head, neck, back, rump and tail. Reddish brown, throat, breast and flanks. Grayish blue belly. Black beak and eyes.

Eastern Bluebirds inhabit forest edges, groves and small tree stands in open country, farms and towns. Installing “bluebird trails”, groups or lines of a number of bluebird houses, maintaining them and monitoring their bluebird inhabitants is a popular hobby.

USGS map shows eastern bluebirds generally nest and breed in US eastern US and southeastern Canada

Their breeding range extends throughout eastern North America from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast north to Saskatchewan, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia south to Mexico and the southwestern U.S. in southern New Mexico and Arizona. Migrates to the southern states and Mexico in winter.

Bluebird song transcribed to sheet music

Bluebirds are known for their display of affection. The male perpetually seeks the company of the female, courting her with his pretty love songs, feeding her insects and chasing rivals from their domain.

Eastern bluebirds perched near their natural tree cavity entrance.

They dart after beetles, spiders, caterpillars and grasshoppers from their perches on fences or low trees where they spot insects on the ground.

In the autumn they eat berries and other odd fruit.

Habitat loss and competition with non-native English Sparrows and Starlings caused declines in their population until their appeal inspired widespread interest in bluebird nest boxes.

Their rebound is a good example of successful intervention.

Females lay four to six bluish white eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks. They usually raise two broods in a season.

Visit the Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse Page.

Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse

The Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse has a 4″ by 4″ floor, 9″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 7″ above the floor and ventilation openings through the floor and under the roof.

A hinged roof can be secured in closed position with shutter hooks, or some may prefer a fixed roof with a Side Opening Door which may be more convenient.

Use wood stock rough cut on both sides.

Select to view or print eastern bluebird nest box plans.

Eastern Bluebird Birdhouse Plans

Mount bluebird houses 3′ to 6′ high in partial sun and shade on posts in woodland clearings, grove and shelter belt edges bordering fields, among scattered trees, or pasture fence lines.

Avoid shade, but also avoid prolonged direct sunlight through the entrance if possible.

Monitor the boxes for unwanted squatters.

A cedar birdhouse with hinged roof secured with shutter hooks

Tree & Violet-green Swallow Nest Box

Tree & Violet-green Swallow Nest Boxes placed between bluebird nest boxes invite these good neighbors and they will help defend against sparrows.

The Tree & Violet-green Birdhouse has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 8″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/2″ diameter entrance hole located 6″ above the floor and ventilation openings.

Select to view and print tree swallow birdhouse plans.

Tree & Violet-green Swallow Nest Box Plans

Mount on a tree trunk or post, or hang from a tree branch or under an eave between four and twenty feet high with partial sun and shade.

Place several boxes in a yard or field edge. They make great neighbors for bluebirds and help chase sparrows away.

Remove the nest and clean the box after the brood rearing seasons are over.

Visit the Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Page.

Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse

Consider using the larger Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse, which will also accommodate easter bluebirds in areas where the mountain and eastern bluebird ranges overlap.

That occurs in the western portions of the Dakotas and the border area between southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

Select to view or print the western & mountain bluebird nest box plans

Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse Plans

The Western & Mountain Bluebird Birdhouse has a 5″ by 5″ floor, 12″ inside floor to ceiling and a 1 9/16″ diameter entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Drill countersunk pilot holes in primary work pieces. Drill regular pilot holes in secondary work pieces. This reduces a tendency for wood to split. It also makes for easy assembly in minutes with a power or hand held screwdriver.

Visit the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse Page.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse

Also consider using this slightly larger Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Birdhouse in the Great Lakes region and northeastern US where the breeding ranges of eastern bluebirds and yellow-bellied sapsuckers overlap.

Measurements are 5″ by 5″ inside square base, 12″ floor to ceiling and a 1 1/2″ inch entrance hole located 10″ above the floor.

Select to view and print yellow-bellied sapsucker & eastern bluebird nest box plans.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Nest Box Plans

For Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers, place in woodland edges near clearings within the proximity of lowlands and water. Mount from just out of reach to twenty feet – no more than can safely be reached and returned to for yearly maintenance.

For Eastern Bluebirds mount bluebird houses 3′ to 6′ high in partial sun and shade on posts in woodland clearings, grove and shelter belt edges bordering fields, among scattered trees, or pasture fence lines.

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