70birds Resources

Birdhouse Designs

Basic dimensions which simulate tree cavities preferred by individual bird species: square floor area, inside floor to ceiling height and entrance openings, are provided by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Geological Survey. All designs published at 70birds.com are creations and intellectual property of 70birds.

Bird Art

All art published at 70birds.com is in public domain. Century old wildlife art by naturalists make excellent gifts and become family heirlooms that increase in value over time. You may agree that wildlife painted in their typical habitats, engaged in each particular species’ common foraging and nesting activities are the best illustrations for identification and for just plain enjoyment. Antiquarian natural history books are abundant and still widely available at reasonable prices.

The Book of Birds, by Gilbert Grosvenor, 1932, contains 950 natural and lifelike color portraits of all major North American bird species by Allan Brooks, a preeminent zoological illustrator of his time. Works in this book are protected by copyright and are not published here.

Other artists of published works you may enjoy searching for include Louis Agassiz Fuertes, R. Bruce Horsfall, Rex Brasher, Chester A. Reed, Earnest Seton-Thompson, John L. Ridgway, Robert Ridgway, Edmund J. Sawyer and Frank C. Hennessey. They, other illustrators and photographers are listed below along with the books and authors with whom they are associated.

When searching for wildlife art you may encounter sellers of “antique art prints” or similar. Often these “prints” are simply pages removed from books with dozens of additional illustrations. You may be able to purchase these books for prices equivalent to one or two “antique prints”. Used book sellers sometimes describe a lower priced book’s condition as “breaker”, which suggests poor binder condition such that illustrations could be removed and sold or used for framing and displaying individual art pieces.

Bird Species Pages

Black-capped Chickadee 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
Carolina Chickadee 1,2,4,6,12
Mountain Chickadee 1, 10,15,17
Chestnut-backed Chickadee 1,15,17
Boreal Chickadee 1,2,4,7,12,15,17
Tufted Titmouse 1,3,4,5,6,7
Plain Titmouse 1,10,17
White-breasted Nuthatch 1,3,5,7,12
Red-breasted Nuthatch 1,3,5,7,12
Brown-headed Nuthatch 1,12
Pygmy Nuthatch 1,
House Wren 1,3,7,12
Carolina Wren 1,3,7,12
Bewick’s Wren 1,7,12
Winter Wren 1,3,7,12
Brown Creeper 1,2,3,4,6,7,12,17
Western Bluebird 1,10,17
Eastern Bluebird 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,12
Mountain Bluebird 1,10,17
Prothonotary Warbler 1,2,6,10
House Finch 1,10, 11
Song Sparrow 1,2,3,4,5,6,18
Wood Duck 1,6,7,10,11,12
Common Goldeneye 1,6,7,11,12

 

Barrow’s Goldeneye 1,6,7,11,12
Common Merganser 1,5,6,7,11,12
Hooded Merganser 1,5,6,7,11,12
Bufflehead 1,6,7,11,12
American Kestrel 1,2,5,6,7,10,11
Red-tailed Hawk 1,5,6,7,11
Osprey 1,2, 5,6,7,10,11
Boreal Owl 10,13,17
Western Screech-owl 1,4,10,17
Eastern Screech-owl 1,2,4,5,6,7,10,11
Common Barn Owl 1,2,5,6,7,11
Barred Owl 2,5,6,7,11,12
Northern Saw-whet Owl 1,2,6,7,10,11,12
Great Horned Owl 1,2,4,6,7,11
Hawk Owl 1,6,11,12
Pygmy Owl 1,10,17
Snow Bunting 6,7,8,12,16
Siberian Tit 1, 16,17
Blue Jay 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,12
Catbird 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,12,17,18
Brown Thrasher 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,12,17,18
House Sparrow 1,5,6,8,12
European Starling

 

Downy Woodpecker 1,2,3,5,7,12
Red-headed Woodpecker 1,2,3,5,6,7,12
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 1,3,5,7,12
Lewis’ Woodpecker 1, 17
Golden-fronted Woodpecker 1,17
Red-bellied Woodpecker 1,2,6,7,12
Hairy Woodpecker 1,2,3, 5,6,7,12
Pileated Woodpecker 1,2,6,7,12
Flicker 1,2,5,6,7,12
Ash-throated Flycatcher 1,10,17
Great Crested Flycatcher 1,2,3,5,6,7,12,17
American Robin 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,12
Mourning Dove 1,2,3,5,6,7,11,12
Eastern Phoebe 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,12,17
Black Phoebe 1,10,17
Say’s Phoebe 1,6,12,17
Barn Swallow 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,12
Cliff Swallow 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,12
Tree Swallow 1,2,5,6,7,8.12
Violet-green Swallow 1,10
Purple Martin 1,2,5,6,7,8,12
Pigeon
Grackle 1,2,3,4,5,67,8,12,17

Bird Species Resources

1       Nests and Eggs of North American Birds, Fifth Edition, Oliver Davie, 1898
2       Bird Homes, Radclyffe Dugmore, 1904
3       Bird Neighbors, Neltje Blanchan, 1908, cr 1904
4       Field Book of Wild Birds and their Music, F. Schuyler Mathews, 1921
5       Birds Every Child Should Know, Neltje Blanchan, 1907
6       Birds of Eastern North America, Frank M Chapman, 1896
7       Birds of Eastern Canada, P. A. Taverner, 1922
8       Michigan Bird Life, Walter Bradford Barrows, S. B., Michigan Ag College, 1912,
9       The Structure and Life of Birds, F. W Headley, 1895
10      Gregory Gough, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center web site
11      Game Birds, Birds that Hunt and are Hunted, Neltje Blanchan, 1905
12      Birds of the United States and Canada, Thomas Nuttall, 1903
13      Raptor Center, University of Minnesota
14      The Owls of North Dakota web site, State Game and Fish Department
15      Alaskan Department of Fish and Game
16      Alberta Fish and Game – dimensions
17      Key to North American Birds, Elliott Coues, 5th Edition, The Page Co. Publishers, 1872, 74,82,84, cr 82,84,87,03
18      Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

Books, Authors, Illustrators, Photographers, Ornithologists

Original file names of 50birds published images, art, photos, etc., included cross reference initials of artists, authors, and books. Newer web page publishing standards precluded this file naming system and it is no longer used. Some, not all image files originally published at 50birds are published on the newer 70birds site, which focuses exclusively on birdhouse and platform nesting birds. Some of the other images will be published on additional web sites.

hnh     Handy Natural History

ep      Ernest Protheroe, Religious Tract Society, 1909

ap      Animals of the Past, Frederic A. Lucas, American Museum of Natural History, 1922

crk     Charles R. Knight

jmg     J. M. Gleeson

ebs     Miss E. B. Seeley

ea      Extinct Animals,

erl      E. Ray Lankester, Henry Holt and Co., 1905

em       Extinct Monsters, H.N. Hutchinson, 1917

wpp    W. P. Pycraft

jg       J. Green

js       Joseph Smit

wrpp   Water Reptiles of the Past and Present,

sww   Samuel Wendell Williston

ovwl   Our Vanishing Wildlife, William T. Hornaday, Clark & Fritts, 1913

wuy    The Wilderness of the Upper Yukon, Charles Sheldon, 1919

nnh     The New Natural History,J. Arthur thomson, 1926

mosa   Men of the Old Stone Age, Henry Fairfield osborne,1916

crk     Charles R. Knight

esc     Erwin S. Christman

dota   Dragons of the Air, H. G. Seeley, 1901

ebs     Miss E. B. Seeley

aotwyp         Animals of the World for Young people,

crk     Charles R. Knight, 1908

wal     The World of Animal Life, Fred Smith, Barse & Hopkins, ?

lfm     Louis Fairfax Muckley

hnh     Handy Natural History, Ernest Protheroe, Religious Tract Society, 1909

lbb     Rare, Vanishing and Lost British Birds

hg      Henrick Gronvold

laow   Living Animals of the World

oa      Ottomar Anschutz

anh     The American Natural History, William T. Hornaday, 1904

s        Sanborn

wls     WL Steward

cr       Carl Rungius

pnhs   Popular Natural History, Henry Scherren,1907

hs      Henry Scherren, Cassell and Co., 1907

apnh   Animals, A Popular Natural History, Wallace Rice, Herbert S. Stone Co., 1901

awm   A. W. Mumford

eah     Ellen A. Holmes

fmw    Frank M Woodruff

cpnh   Cassells Popular Natural History,Cassell, Petter, Galpin, La Belle Sauvage Yard, Ludgate Hill, Londong & NY

pnh     Popular Natural History

jgw     Rev. J.G. Wood, Porter & Coates, 1885, Illustrated by Wolf, Zwecker, Weir, Coleman

pnh     Popular Natural History, J.G. Wood, 1885, Illustrated by Wolf, Zwecker, Weir, Coleman

sooc   The Story of Our Continent

nss     N.S. Shaler, Ginn & Co. 1899

csw    Catalogue of Seals and Whales in the British Museum

jeg     John Edward Gray, 1866

nab     North American Birds, Baird, Brewer, Ridgway

els      Edwin L. Sheppard

tblm    Two Bird Lovers in Mexico

cwb    c. William Beebe

bbb     The British Bird Book

elt      E. L. Turner

eaw    E. A. Wallis

rbl      R. B. Lodge

rf        Riley Fortune

nnl      The New Nature Library,

v8      American. Food and Game Fishes, David Starr Jordan and Barton Warren Evermann, 1902, Doubleday, Page, Co. 1916

cbh     C. B. Hudson,

ahb     A.H. Baldwin

usnm   Bulletin 47 U.S. National Museum text drawings

fnma   Fishes of North and Middle America, Evermann, Barton Warren, 1887-1901. An extensive amount of correspondence concerns Evermann’s monograph, “Fishes of North and Middle America,” co-authored with David Starr Jordan.  (U. S. N. M. Bulletin #47, 4 vols., 1896-1900).

aa      American Animals, Witmer Stone & William Everett Cram, 1916, Doubleday, Page & Company

jkj       Herbert K. Job, The Sport of Bird Study, Herbert K. job, 1908, Outing Publishing Company

hwb    Homing with the Birds, Gene Stratton Porter, Doubleday, Page & Company, 1919

ard     A. Radclyffe Dugmore

nll       Nature Lovers Library

mol     Mammals of Other Lands, Hoolock Gibbon hylobates hoolock, Netting Hill

nh      Netting Hill

pl       Percy Leigh

lm      L. Medland

oa      Ottomar Anschutz

gww    G. W. Wilson

mbl     Michigan Bird Life

tlh      Thomas L. Hankinson

ecj      Edmund C. Jaeger, Denizens of the Dezert, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1922

boa     Birds of America, The University Society, 1917

sal      S.A. Lottridge

cmo    C.M. Oswalt,

htm    H.T. Middleton

gnl      G.N. Leek

hkj      H.K. Job

amnh  American Museum of Natural History

Tjp     T.J. Pearson

oeb     O.E. Baynard

aaa     A. Allen,

wlf  htb         W.L. Finley H.T. Bohlman

hm      Herbert Mills

naas   National Association of Audubon Soc.

Op      Outing Publishing

Fmc    F.M. Chapman

thj     T.H. Jackson

wlf  htb  wro  W.L. Finley H.T. Bohlman, Where Rolls The Oregon

hwe    H.W. Elliot, Key to North American Birds, Coues

rk       Robert Kretchmer, Brehm Tierleben

wh      W. Heubach, Brehm Tierleben

jg       Jon Gehrts, Brehm Tierleben

cr       Carl Rungius, Brehm Tierleben

rf        R. Friefe

ww     W. Watagin

glf      Geo. L. Fordyce, The Bird Book

nws    N.W. Swayne, The Bird Book

ghb     Guy H. Briggs, The Bird Book

rjb      R.J. Beck, The American Natural History

wlw     Wild Life of the World

trc      T.R. Canch, Fox Earth to Mountain Tarn, J.H. Crawford, 1907

cr       Charles Reid, Fox Earth to Mountain Tarn, J.H. Crawford, 1907

wpd    W. P. Danao

el       E. Lander

ovwl    Our Vanishing Wildlife, William T. Hornaday, Clark & Fritts, 1913

ejs      Edmund J. Sawyer

moa    Mammals of America

htm     H.T. Middleton

usbs    U.S. Biological Survey

sal      S.A. Lottridge

jhf      J.H. Field

wvues West VA University Experiment Station

anh     American Natural History

jcb      J. Carter Beard

cr       Carl Rungius

law     Living Animals of the World, E.R. DuMont, 1902

wfp     W.F. Piggott

jtn      J.T. Newman

hk       Henry Kin

nbw    N.B. Wishaw

vs       Valentine & Sons

dls      D. Le Souf

wsk     W. Saville-Kent

oa      Otomar Anschutx

wr      Walter Roghschild

dob     Duches of Bedford

mg      Mr. Glenday

hn      H. Noble

ss       S. Sinclair

wlw     Wildlife of the World, R. Lydekker

bob     The Book of Birds

rec     Robert E. Coker,  Book of Birds, Henry W. Henshaw, 1921, National Geographic Society

cwb    Dr. C. William Beebe

hhc     Howard H. Cleaves

sbs     The Sport of Bird Study

gsp     Gene Stratton Porter

hkj      Herbert Keightley Job, The Sport of Bird Study

Photographers

ard & rd         A. R. Dugmore, Bird Homes, Radclyffe Dugmore, 1904

rhb     R. H. Beebe

vm      Vern Morton

cst     Craig S. Thomas

cwb    C.W. Beebe

wf ab  William Lovell Finley, American Birds, photos by author and Herman T. Bohlman, Charles Scribner’s Sons ’21, cr 1907

rk       Richard Kearton, Baby Birds at Home, Cassell and Company, 1912

erw     E.R. Warren, potographer, Birds of Ohio, William Leon Dawson, A.M., B.D., 1903, Wheaton Publishing Co., cr 1902

awm    A.W. Mumford, potographer, Birds of Ohio, William Leon Dawson, A.M., B.D., 1903, Wheaton Publishing Co., cr 1902

frg      F.R. Griggs, Eagles nest taken near Sandusky, A cherished landmark, Birds of Ohio, William Leon Dawson, 1902

wld     William Leon Dawson, Birds of Ohio, 1903

wdw    The Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, Occidental Publishing, cr 1909

bf       H T Bohlman and W L Finley, The Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, Occidental Publishing, cr 1909

db      W L Dawson & John Hooper Bowles, The Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, Occidental Publishing, cr 1909

awa    AW Anthony, The Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, Occidental Publishing, cr 1909

oej      O.E. Jennings, Birds of Ohio, William Leon Dawson, 1903

mbl     Michigan Bird Life, Walter Bradford Barrows, S. B., Michigan Ag College, 1912

ght     Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

ljw      Laurence J. Webster, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

ceh     C E Hamilton, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

jrs      J R Snow, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

aaa     Albert H. Pratt, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

nb      Bird Neighbors, Neltje Blanchan, 1904, Photographers: John Boyd, A.W. Anthony

nb2     Bird Neighbors, Neltje Blanchan, 1904, Photographers: John Boyd, A.W. Anthony

nb3     Game Birds, Birds that Hunt and are Hunted, Neltje Blanchan, 1905

tlh      Thos. L. Hankinson, Michigan Bird Life, Walter Bradford Barrows, S. B., Michigan Ag College, 1912

thj      Dr. Thomas H. Jackson, Michigan Bird Life, Walter Bradford Barrows, S. B., Michigan Ag College, 1912

ehb     Wild Bird Guests, Ernest Harold Baynes, 1915, E.P. Dutton & Company

ers      Elwin R. Sanborn, reprinted in The Importance of Bird Life courtesy NY Zoological Society, G. Inness Hartley, 1922, The Century Co

ovwl    “Our Vanishing Wild Life”, reprinted in The Importance of Bird Life, G. Inness Hartley, 1922, The Century Co

rm      Enno Meyer “Our Vanishing Wild Life”, William T. Hornaday, Scribner’s, 1913

bh      Bruce Horsfall, Birds of California, Irene Grosvenor Wheelock, A.C. McClurg & Co., 1903

fc2     Bird Studies with a Camera, Frank M. Chapman, 1900 D. Appleton & Co.

owtb   Out With The Birds, Hamilton M. Lang, 1913, Outing Publishing Co.

botr    Birds of the Rockies, Leander s. Keyser, 1902, A.C. McClurg & Co.

car     Camera Studies of Wild Birds in their Homes, Chester A. Reed, 1911, Doubleday, Page & Co

hwm    Western Birds, Harriet Williams Myers, The Macmillan Co., 1922

hsp     Helen S. Pratt, Western Birds, Harriet Williams Myers, 1922

hsb     The Human Side of Birds, Royal Dixon, cr 1917, Frederick A. Stokes Co

wr      Walter Raine, Nests & Eggs of North American Birds, Oliver Davie, London Press, 1898

rd2     Wild Life and the Camera, A. Radclyffe Dugmore, J.B. Lippincott Co. 1912

hgs     Birds of the Water, Wood & Waste (New Zealand), H. Guthrie-Smith, Whitcome & Tombs, 1910

mcw    Bird Legend and Life, Margaret Coulson Walker, The Baker &Taylor Co., 1908

hkj      The Sport of Bird Study, Herbert K. Job, A.L.Burt Co., 1908

wth   The American Natural History, William T. Hornaday, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1904

fek      FE Kelsey, Western Birds, Harriet Williams Myers, 1922

Illustrators

fch      F.C. Hennessey, Birds of Eastern Canada, P. A. Taverner, 1922

fsm    Field Book of Wild Birds and their Music, F. Schuyler Mathews, 1921

ab wdw         Allan Brooks, The Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, Occidental Publishing, cr 1909

abbwc           Allan Brooks, Birds of Western Canada, P.A. Taverner, Canada Department of Mines, 1926

abbc     Allan Brooks, Birds of Canada, P.A. Taverner, Canada Department of Mines, 1934

fc95     Frank M. Chapman, Birds of Eastern North America, 1895, D Appleton & Co

fc       Frank M. Chapman, Bird Life, D. Appleton & Company, 1920, cr 1897, 99, 1901 Drawings by Earnest Seton-Thompson

ca3     Chester A. Reed, Illustrator, Color Key to North American Birds, Frank M. Chapman, D. Appleton & Co., 1912

carbb  Chester A. Reed, The Bird Book, 1914

jlr       John L. Ridgeway, Hawks and Owls of the United States, 1893

laf      Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

laf ffb  Louis Agassiz Fuertes Birds of Field Forest and Park, Albert Field Gilmore, 1919, The Page Co.

laf     Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Key to North American Birds, Elliott Coues, 5th Edition, The Page Co. Publishers, 1872, 74,82,84, cr 82,84,87,03

lafw   Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Handbook of Birds of the Western U.S. Florence Merriam Bailey, 1902

laf50   50 Common Birds of Farm and Orchard, Louis Agassiz Fuertes (illustrator), USDA Bulletin, Gov. Printing Office

rbh     R. Bruce Horsfall, Bird Friends, Gilbert H. Trafton, 1916, Houghton Mifflin Co., cr 1916

rbh ywb         R. Bruce Horsfall, A Year with the Birds, Alice E. Ball, Gibbs & Van Vleck, 1916

rbh bnc         Robert Bruce Horsfal, Birds of North Carolina, 1919, T. Gilbert Pearson, C.S.Brimley & H.H.Brimley

bg      Robert Bruce Horsfall, Bird Gossip, Harriette Wilbur, 1920, George W. Jacobs & Company

naas   National Association of Audubon Societies, republished in Birds Worth Knowing, Neltje Blanchan, 1917, Published by Doubleday, Doran for Nelson Doubleday

ne      Nests and Eggs of North American Birds, Oliver Davie, London Press, 1898

nb4     Birds Worth Knowing, Neltje Blanchan, 1917

bhbc   Bruce Horsfall, Birds of California, Irene Grosvenor Wheelock, AC McClurg & Co, 1903

hwm    Western Birds, Harriet Williams Myers, The Macmillan Co., 1922

hwb    Handbook of Western Birds, Florence Merriam Bailey, cr1902, Boston & NY, 1914

tn       Birds of the United Statesand Canada, Thomas Nuttall, 1903

ejs      Edmund J. Sawyer, illustrator, What Bird is That?, Frank M. Chapman, D. Appleton & Co

ec      Key to North American Birds, Elliott Coues, 5th Edition, The Page Co. Publishers, 1872, 74,82,84, cr 82,84,87,03

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