Winter Wren

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Troglodytidae
Genus: Troglodytes
Species: hiemalis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
Gr. trogle hole or hollow
Gr. dutes burrower
La. -idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. troglodutes cave dweller
La. hiemalis winter

About four inches long. Reddish brown, upper parts, with gray brown underside, barred sides and tail. Similar to the house wren.

Horizontal streak over the eye lacking the distinct contrast of the Carolina, Bewick’s and marsh Wrens.

Short, often stuck up tail, slightly downward curved beak.

Painting of a winter wren perched on a twig in typical wren tail up alert pose among shrubbery and tall grass.
Inhabits coniferous forests, often deep in the woods, sometimes in the thickets of field or wetland edges throughout most of British Columbia, south through Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California, eastward across Canada, throughout the Great Lakes Region, lower Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and south through Appalachia.
USGS map shows winter wrens breed in northern US and southern Canada along a swath extending from east to west coasts f
You may occasionally glimpse one out of the corner of your eye darting through underbrush, gone before you can focus, usually close to the ground foraging for insects, spiders and seeds.
Builds nests of leaves, small twigs, feathers and moss in natural or abandoned tree cavities, broken tree stumps, roots of fallen timber, brush heaps, open buildings or bird houses.

Lays four to seven eggs, more or less, white speckled eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks.

Winter wrens normally raise two broods each season.

Winter wren on a rock in typical alert wren stance
The Winter Wren Birdhouse (same as for Bewick’s Wrens and House Wrens) has a 4″ by 4″ floor, 8″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/4″ diameter entrance hole located 6″ above the floor and ventilation openings.
Assemble with screws fit to pre-drilled pilot holes and secure hinged roof with shutter hooks.

Mount or hang from tree limbs at chest level, higher only if necessary in secluded locations with partial sun and shade near plenty of trees and other foliage.

Locate deeper in the forest or grove as they are less inclined than the House Wren to live near humans.

Because male wrens tend to build several nests for the female to choose from, hanging several nest boxes may make an area more attractive.

Chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, downy woodpeckers and other wrens may use this box.

 

Winter Wren Song

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Winter Wren

Painting of white-breasted nuthatches perched on a tree trunk
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Troglodytidae
Genus: Troglodytes
Species: hiemalis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
Gr. trogle hole or hollow
Gr. dutes burrower
La. -idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. troglodutes cave dweller
La. hiemalis winter

About four inches long. Reddish brown, upper parts, with gray brown underside, barred sides and tail. Similar to the house wren.

Horizontal streak over the eye lacking the distinct contrast of the Carolina, Bewick’s and marsh Wrens.

Inhabits coniferous forests, often deep in the woods, sometimes in the thickets of field or wetland edges throughout most of British Columbia, south through Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California, eastward across Canada, throughout the Great Lakes Region, lower Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and south through Appalachia.
Map shows white-breasted nuthatches inhabit most areas (not all) throughout the US and southern Canada
You may occasionally glimpse one out of the corner of your eye darting through underbrush, gone before you can focus, usually close to the ground foraging for insects, spiders and seeds.

Builds nests of leaves, small twigs, feathers and moss in natural or abandoned tree cavities, broken tree stumps, roots of fallen timber, brush heaps, open buildings or bird houses.

Painting of white-breasted nuthatches foraging for insects on a tree trunk
Lays four to seven eggs, more or less, white speckled eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks.

Winter wrens normally raise two broods each season.

The Winter Wren Birdhouse (same as for Bewick’s Wrens and House Wrens) has a 4″ by 4″ floor, 8″ inside floor to ceiling, 1 1/4″ diameter entrance hole located 6″ above the floor and ventilation openings.

View and print birdhouse plans for chickadees, nuthatches, titmice and downy woodpeckers.

View/Print Plans

Assemble with screws fit to pre-drilled pilot holes and secure hinged roof with shutter hooks.

Mount or hang from tree limbs at chest level, higher only if necessary in secluded locations with partial sun and shade near plenty of trees and other foliage.

Locate deeper in the forest or grove as they are less inclined than the House Wren to live near humans.

Because male wrens tend to build several nests for the female to choose from, hanging several nest boxes may make an area more attractive.

Chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, downy woodpeckers and other wrens may use this box.

 

Winter Wren Song

White-breasted nuthatch song written to sheet music.

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