Hooded Merganser

Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Genus: Lophodytes
Species: cucullatus

La. anser goose
La. forma form, shape, kind
Gr. anous foolish
La. anas duck
La. –idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. lophos crest
Gr. dytēs dive in, sink, diver
iGr. cucullus hood
La. cuculatus hooded

Painting of hooded mergansers paddling in a lake among reeds and fallen timber.
About 19 inches long. Black upper parts with a white fan shaped patch centered on a flat disk-like crest. Brownish tinge on the wings and tail. White underside with chestnut flanks.
Hooded mergansers nest from about 45 degrees latitude north to the Arctic Circle and migrates as far as Mexico and the Caribbean.
Hooded mergansers inhabit woodlands bordering rivers and ponds throughout most of eastern U.S., and Canada in the Hudson Bay region and as far west as British Columbia. They nest from about 45 degrees latitude north to the Arctic Circle. Common throughout the lower Mississippi River Valley in winter and some migrate as far as Mexico and the Caribbean.
They dive for small fish, insects, roots and seeds in wetlands, ponds and lakes often rich with aquatic vegetation and fallen timber.

For a nest, they line a tree or stump cavity with grass, leaves and down.

Females lay five to eighteen ivory white eggs which hatch after about one month of incubation.

Painting of a hooded merganser pair in a lake with fallen timber and foliage.
The day after the ducklings hatch, the female parent coaxes them out of the nest to water, teaches them to swim, dive, gather food and defends them until they are ready to fly at about two months age.
The Hooded Merganser Nest Box (same as for Wood Duck and Kestrel) has a 10″ by 10″ floor, 24″ inside floor to ceiling, 4″ wide by 3″ high entrance hole located 21″ above the floor and ventilation openings in the floor and under the roof.

Above all, please do not attract duck families and leave them vulnerable to predators. Significant reduction in predation has been achieved through proper location, installation and use of cone predator guards. 

Home            Birds             Birdhouses            Birdhouse Plans Index        Bird Forum

Hooded Merganser

Painting of hooded mergansers paddling in a lake among reeds and fallen timber.
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Genus: Lophodytes
Species: cucullatus

La. anser goose
La. forma form, shape, kind
Gr. anous foolish
La. anas duck
La. –idae appearance, resemblance
Gr. lophos crest
iGr. dytēs dive in, sink, diver
Gr. cucullus hood
La. cuculatus hooded

About 19 inches long. Black upper parts with a white fan shaped patch centered on a flat disk-like crest. Brownish tinge on the wings and tail. White underside with chestnut flanks.

Hooded mergansers nest from about 45 degrees latitude north to the Arctic Circle and migrates as far as Mexico and the Caribbean.
Hooded mergansers inhabit woodlands bordering rivers and ponds throughout most of eastern U.S., and Canada in the Hudson Bay region and as far west as British Columbia.

They nest from about 45 degrees latitude north to the Arctic Circle. Common throughout the lower Mississippi River Valley in winter and some migrate as far as Mexico and the Caribbean.

Painting of a hooded merganser pair in a lake with fallen timber and foliage.
They dive for small fish, insects, roots and seeds in wetlands, ponds and lakes often rich with aquatic vegetation and fallen timber.

For a nest, they line a tree or stump cavity with grass, leaves and down.

Females lay five to eighteen ivory white eggs which hatch after about one month of incubation.

The day after the ducklings hatch, the female parent coaxes them out of the nest to water, teaches them to swim, dive, gather food and defends them until they are ready to fly at about two months age.

Select to view or print hooded merganser house plans.
The Hooded Merganser Nest Box (same as for Wood Duck and Kestrel) has a 10″ by 10″ floor, 24″ inside floor to ceiling, 4″ wide by 3″ high entrance hole located 21″ above the floor and ventilation openings in the floor and under the roof.

A hinged roof can be secured with shutter hooks or a Side Opening Door may be a more convenient alternative.

Above all, please do not attract duck families and leave them vulnerable to predators. Significant reduction in predation has been achieved through proper location, installation and use of cone predator guards. 

Birds     |     Birdhouses     |     Plans     |     Forum

Birds      |      Birdhouses      |      Forum